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How does back pain actually occur?

The good news in advance: back pain doesn't have to be. Experts agree that 90 percent of all back problems could be avoided with more healthy exercise. But since many people do not move enough, here is an overview of how back pain occurs:    

These factors cause back pain

Here's some vital information in advance: many factors promote or trigger back pain - but they don't have to. This is good news because even if you are one of the people with known risk factors, problems are inevitable. But first, let's look at the physical risk factors. These include:

  •  a very flat back in which the natural S-shape of the spine is too weak.
  • a very long torso in relation to the lower body.
  • an unusually stiff and immobile back.
  • already existing signs of wear and tear of the hip and knee joints. 
  • a physically heavy job where twisting movements and awkward posture cannot be avoided.

People who have already had back problems are also at greater risk. And for some time now, we have also known that the psyche plays a significant role. Anxiety, depression, negative feelings can be pain triggers. 

Mit einem Plus an Muskeln ist der Rücken am besten geschützt (ⓒadpic)

Spine and musculature

Even if back sufferers see it differently, the spine is a masterpiece. Flexible and actually very stable. But what it doesn't like at all is muscle tension or tense knots, the so-called trigger points. Because that leads to reduced blood flow to the affected areas. The muscles swell, there is a lack of oxygen, metabolic waste products build up, and all this together activates pain-transmitting receptors. That is why a regular and individually adapted muscle building training also with as the best medicine for the back!

Other painful structures

In addition to the muscles, so-called ligament structures can also lead to back problems. For example, painful ligament structures of the hip can radiate into the back. Tension in the fasciae is even more common. These are the strong connective tissues that surround the muscles and organs. It is not for nothing that fascia training has been all the rage for some time.   

Inner organs and back pain

It should have become common knowledge by now: Everything in the body is somehow connected. If something is wrong in one place, it can trigger problems in a completely different place. For example, the intestines can also cause back pain. Why? Because there are numerous reflex connections. For instance, the small intestine can trigger problems in the thoracic spine via stretching and pulling pains. Then it is the difficult task of the doctor to find out where the pain comes from. 

Regelmäßiges Bewegungstraining hilft nachweislich am besten gegen Rückenschmerzen (ⓒadpic)

Exercise training as the best medicine

It was already mentioned at the beginning: 90 percent of all back pain can be avoided with a good muscle corset. A regular training fulfils two important tasks at the same time: 

  • stronger muscles keep the spine upright and healthy. There is hardly a better medicine to prevent and combat back pain.
  • regular exercise training has proven positive effects on mental health and thus also protects against problems.   

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